Bordeaux, in south-western France, is arguably the most famous wine region in the world.
Bordeaux red wines are generally a blend of Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot which are classic combinations that compliment each other. Cabernet Franc. Petit Verdot and Malbec are also used.
Wines from the Left Bank use Cabernet Sauvignon as the dominant grape variety in the blend and include the following appelations,
- Haut-Medoc Including Pauillac, Margaux, Saint-Estephe and Saint Julien.
- Graves, Including Pessac-Leognan
Within Medoc the best are classified as “Grand Cru Classe” and below this is “Cru Bourgeois”
Wines from the Right Bank use Merlot as the dominant grape variety in the blend and include the following appelations,
- Saint-Emilion Including Saint-Emilion Grand Cru
Bordeaux's white wines are generally blends of Sauvignon Blanc and Semillon from the following regions,
Sauternes , 65km south of Bordeaux city, is a village famous for its high-quality sweet wines from the Semillon and Sauvignon Blanc grape that have been affected by Botrytis Cinerea, also known as noble rot.
Less expensive wines are produced under the following names,
- Bordeaux AC
- Bordeaux Supérieur which requires a higher level of alcohol than basic Bordeaux.