Italy offers a larger, more diverse array of wine styles than almost any other nation, most of which are officially named, defined and protected under the Italian wine classification system, which lists more than 330 DOCs, roughly 70 DOCGs and almost 120 IGTs.
Italy is divided into 20 wine regions. The three in the northeast – Veneto, Trentino-Alto Adigeand Friuli-Venezia Giulia – are known collectively as the Tre Venezie.
In the north and northwest there are five wine regions: Lombardy (Lombardia), Emilia-Romagna, Piedmont (Piemonte), Liguria and Aosta Valley (Valle d’Aosta).
The six central regions are Tuscany (Toscana), Lazio and Umbria, Marche, Abruzzo and Molise.
In the south of Italy, including its islands, there are six wine regions which are Campania, Basilicata, Puglia, Calabria and the islands of Sicily and Sardinia.